Aberdeen Gardens

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Aberdeen Gardens

Author: Aberdeen Gardens Heritage Committee
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
Copyright: 2007
Pages: 128
Cover Price: $ 19.99

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Aberdeen Gardens was established by Pres. Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal in 1934 as a model for housing following the Great Depression. Of the 55 similar areas in the United States, Aberdeen Gardens is especially significant because it is the only intact community built by blacks for blacks, many of whom were Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock defense workers. The original architectural plans, designed by Hilyard Robinson, included a school, multi-purpose building unit, community center, and tracts for 158 homes.

The community center was never built, but several small stores occupied the shopping center across from Aberdeen School. Every prefurnished home was brick with an attached garage, indoor plumbing, a furnace, a porch, a very large yard, and a chicken coop.

Background Information

Franklin D. Roosevelt overcame polio to become president during the Great Depression and World War II. Franklin D. Roosevelt declared that he would deliver a New Deal, which became the name for his anti-Depression programs. The American economy felt into a slump after the Crash of 1929 and continued at low levesl throughout the next decade.