The culmination of an extraordinary literary project that Herbert Hoover
launched during World War II, his "magnum opus"—at last published nearly fifty years after its completion—offers a revisionist reexamination of the war and its cold war aftermath and a sweeping indictment of the "lost statesmanship" of Franklin Roosevelt
. Freedom Betrayed: Herbert Hoover's Secret History of the Second World War and Its Aftermath originated as a volume of Hoover's memoirs, a book initially focused on his battle against President Roosevelt's foreign policies before Pearl Harbor
. As time went on, however, Hoover widened his scope to include Roosevelt's foreign policies during the war, as well as the war's consequences: the expansion of the Soviet empire at war's end and the eruption of the cold war against the Communists.
On issue after issue, Hoover raises crucial questions that continue to be debated to this day. Did Franklin Roosevelt deceitfully maneuver the United States into an undeclared and unconstitutional naval war with Germany in 1941? Did he unnecessarily appease Joseph Stalin at the pivotal Tehran
conference in 1943? Did communist agents and sympathizers in the White House, Department of State, and Department of the Treasury play a malign role in some of America's wartime decisions? Hoover raises numerous arguments that challenge us to think again about our past. Whether or not one ultimately accepts his arguments, the exercise of confronting them will be worthwhile to all.
Herbert Hoover made a fortune in mining and organized aid to Europe after World War I, but is now most remembered for not having prevented the Great Depression. Franklin D. Roosevelt overcame polio to become president during the Great Depression and World War II. Pearl Harbor, the home in Hawaii of the American Pacific fleet, was attacked by surprise by Japanese aircraft on December 7, 1941. The Tehran Conference in Persia, now Iran, brought together the Big Three leaders of the Allies to discuss the face of Europe after the anticipated victory.