It was a trying time, however, for many Americans, including women who fought for the vote, blacks who began organizing to secure their rights, and activists on the Left who lost theirs in the first Red Scare of the century. John Cooper's panoramic history of this period shows us where we came from and sheds light on where we are.
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Theodore Roosevelt was a progressive political leader, conservationist, war hero and adventurer. Woodrow Wilson went from President of Princeton University to President of the United States in 1912 and led the country during World War I. The Progressive Movement grew out of belief, following the Gilded Age, the government could and should do more to promote the common welfare. It took a long struggle that succeeded in many individual states before voting rights for women were granted nationally by the 19th Amendment in 1920. The Red Scare was a domestic response to the Bolshevik Revolution in Russian, bred out of fear that communism would spread to America.