Americans often think of their nation’s history as a movement toward ever-greater democracy, equality, and freedom. Wars in this story are understood both as necessary to defend those values and as exceptions to the rule of peaceful progress. In The Dominion of War
, historians Fred Anderson and Andrew Cayton boldly reinterpret the development of the United States, arguing instead that war has played a leading role in shaping North America from the sixteenth century to the present. Anderson and Cayton bring their sweeping narrative to life by structuring it around the lives of eight men—Samuel de Champlain
, William Penn
, George Washington, Andrew Jackson, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
, Ulysses S. Grant, Douglas MacArthur
, and Colin Powell. This approach enables them to describe great events in concrete terms and to illuminate critical connections between often-forgotten imperial conflicts, such as the Seven Years
’ War and the Mexican-American War
, and better-known events such as the War of Independence and the Civil War. The result is a provocative, highly readable account of the ways in which republic and empire have coexisted in American history as two faces of the same coin. The Dominion of War
recasts familiar triumphs as tragedies, proposes an unconventional set of turning points, and depicts imperialism and republicanism as inseparable influences in a pattern of development in which war and freedom have long been intertwined. It offers a new perspective on America’s attempts to define its role in the world at the dawn of the twenty-first century.
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Samuel de Champlain was an explorer and the founder of French settlements in what became Quebec. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, became a Quaker while in England and was put in prison for his publishing his beliefs. After making himself dictator of Mexico, Santa Anna lost Texas in the War for Texas Independence and later much more in the Mexican-American War. Douglas MacArthur commanded American troops in the war against Japan, but was dismissed as commander in Korea by President Truman. King George's War, so named for the British monarch at the time, was part of a worldwide conflict between the British and French empires.