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The territory of New Mexico was acquired from Mexico by the Treaty of Guadelupe-Hidalgo and the Gadsden Purchase. Los Alamos, New Mexico, was a city created for the purpose of housing the sicentific staff working on the development of the atomic bomb in World War II. J. Robert Oppenheimer was the chief scientific adminstrator during the Manhattan Project and later the victim of suspicions against all those with politically questionable friends. The project to develop the first atomic bomb during World War II was known as the Manhattan District, or informally the Manhattan Project.